Today, reading the Bible in translation in a distant country, we barely can imagine that world of herdsmen and simple farmers. The plants that surrounded them are equally remote and strange. We find the references to them sometimes puzzling, often meaningless.
But the same plant species still live in modern times, little changed during the years that separate us from the events of the Bible. In the Holy Land, long before the Common Era, gardens were a sanctuary where tranquility and peace could be found. These gardens contained trees, flowers, shrubs, fruits, and many other species of plant life.