Anna Lee and Edward E. Kahn Memorial Biblical Garden  

Plant Index

Current botanical nomenclature is of comparatively recent origin and even today occasionally, authorities disagree on the proper classification and name for certain plants. Similarly, various translations of the scriptures use different names for plants mentioned in the Bible. 

In certain instances where plants of the exact species were not available, we have used available species or cultivars of the same genus. Plants are listed alphabetically by common name, followed by the botanical name and finally by scriptural reference. 
ACACIA, "Acacia Seyal", Exodus 27:1 & 6 
ACANTHUS, "Acanthus Spinosa", Job 30:7 
AGAVE, "Aloe Succotrina", John 19:39 
ALMOND, "Amygdalus Communis", Numbers 17:8 
ALOES, "Aloe Vera", Psalms 45:8 
ANEMONE, "Anemone Coronaria", Matthew 6:28 
APPLE, "Malus Katerine", Genesis 3:3-6 
APPLE OF SODOM, "Colotropis Procera", 
Josephus, Jewish Wars Book IV 8:4 
APRICOT, "Prunis Armeniaca", Genesis 2:17 
JERUSALEM ARTICHOKES, "Topinambours" 
BALM, "Commiphora Geleadensis" 
BEDSTRAW, "Galium Verum", Isaiah 40:6 & 7 
BLACKBERRY, "Rubus Ulmifolius", Judges 9:14 
BOX TREE, "Buxus Longifolia", Isaiah 41:19 
BROOM, "Cytissus Praecox", I kings 19:4 
BURNING BUSH, "Cassia Senna", Exodus 3:2-4 
BULRUSH, "Cyperus Papyrus", Exodus 2:3 
BUTTERCUPS, "Ranunculus Asiasticus", Psalms 4:5 
CAPER, "Capparis Spinosa", Eccleseastes 12:5 
CARAWAY, "Cuminum Cyminum", Isaiah 28:25-27 
CEDAR OF LEBANON, "Cedrus Libani", Psalms 92:13 
CHAMOMILE, "Anthemis Palaestina". Isaiah 40:6 
CHRYSANTHEMUM, "Chrysanthemum Coronarium L 
CITRONELLA, "Pelargonium Citrosum Van Leenii" 
COCKLE, "Agrostemma Cithago", Job 31:40 
CORIANDER, "Coriandrum Sativum L", Exodus 16:31 
SAFFRON CROCUS, "Crocus Sativus", Song 4:13 
CYCLAMEN, "Cyclamen Persicum", Song of Songs 
CUCUMBER, "Cucumis Sativa", Numbers 11:4-5 
CYPRESS, "Cupressus Sempervirens", Ezekiel 27:6 
DAFFODIL, "Narcissus Tazetta", Isaiah 35-1 
SHASTA DAISY, "Bellio Silvestris Cyr", Psalm 45 
DANDELION, "Taraxacum Officinale", Exodus 12:8 
DILL, "Anethum Graveolens L" 
DOVE'S DUNG, "Ornithogalum Umbellatum", II Kings 6:25 
EBONY, "Diospyros Virginiana", Ezekiel 27:15 
EUCALYPTUS, "Eucalyptus Ficifolia", Proverbs 17:22 
FENNEL, "Nigella Orientalis", Isaiah 28:25 & 27 
FERN, "Asplenium Trichomanes", I King 5:13 
FIG, "Ficus Carica", Genesis 3:7 
FITCHES, "Nigella Sativa", Isaiah 28:27 
GARLIC, Allium Sativum", Numbers 11:5 
GERANIUM, "Geranium Himalayense" 
GLADIOLUS, "Colchicum", Flower of the field 
GOURD - CASTOR BEAN, "Ricinus Communis", Jonah 4:6 - 7 
GRAPE, "Vitis-Vinifera", Micah 4:4 
WASHINGTON HAWTHORN, "Crataegus Cordata", Proverbs 15:19 
HIBISCUS, "Hibiscus Syriacus and Malva Rotundifolia", Job 30:4 
HOLLY, "Ilex Aquifolium" 
HOLLYHOCK, "Alcea Setosa", Flower of the field 
HORSERADISH, "Armoracia Rusticana" 
HYACINTH, "Hyacinthus Orientalis", Song of Solomon 
IRIS, "Iris Palaestina", Song of Solomon 
FLAG IRIS, "Iris Pseudacorus", Hosea 14:5 
IVY, "Hedera Helix", II Maccabees 6:7 
JACK IN THE PULPIT, "Arisarum Vulgare Targ", Flower of the field 
JACOBS COAT 
JACOB'S LADDER, "Palemonium Cauroles", Flower in Solomon's garden 
JASMIN, "Cistus Salviflius", Song 6:24 
JONQUIL, "Narcissus Jonquilla", Song 4:5 
GREEK JUNIPER, "Juniperus Excelsa", II Chronicles 27 
LARKSPUR, "Delphinium Ajacis", Song 6:24 
LAUREL, "Laurus Nobilis", Psalms 37:35 
LAVENDER, "Lavandula Stoechas", Song 6:24 
LEEK, "Allium Porrum", Numbers 11:5-6 
LENTEN ROSE, "Helleborus", Song 6:24 
LILY, "Lilium Chalcedonicum", Song 
LILY OF THE VALLEY, "Convallaria Majalis", Song 6:24 
WATER LILY, "Nymphaea Caerulea", I Kings 7:22 
LINUM - FLAX, "Linum Perenne", Proverbs 31:13 
LOOSESTRIFE, "Lythrum Salicaria", Song 1:14 
LUPINE, "Lupinus Augustifolius", Song of Solomon 
MARIGOLDS, "Calendula Palaestina Boiss", Song 
MARJORAM- HYSSOP, "Origanum Maru", Exodus 12:22 
MARSH-MALLOW, "Althea Officinalis", Song 
MINT, "Mentha Longifolia L", Matthew 23:23 
WEEPING MULBERRY, "Morus Alba or Morus Nigra", Macabees 6:34 
MYRRH - LADANUM, "Helianthemum Chamaecistus", Genesis 37:25 
MYRTLE, "Myrtus Communis", Nehemiah 8:14-15 
NARCISSIS, "Narcissus Tazetta", Song 
NASTURTIUMS, "Nasturtium Officinale", Numbers 9:11 
OAK, "Quercus Ilex", Ezekiel 15:4 
OLEANDER, "Nerium Oleander", II Esdras 9:26 
OLIVE - RUSSIAN OLIVE, "Olea Europaea", Genesis 8:11 
ONION, "Allium Cepa L", Numbers 11:5-6 
ORCHID, "ORCHIS", Isaiah 40:6 
PALM, "Phoenix Dactylifera", Leviticus 23:40 
PEONY, "Paeonia Officinalis", Job 14:12 
ALEPPO PINE, "Pinus Halepensis Mill" Isaiah 41:19 
DWARF PLUMBAGO 
POMEGRANATE, "Punica Granatum", I Samuel 14:2 
POPLAR, "Populus Alba", Psalms 137:1 & 2 
POPPY, "Papaver Orientalis", Jeremiah 8:14 
PYRACANTHA, "Pyracantha Coccinea Lalandi", Hosea 2:6 
QUINCE, "Cydonia Oblanga", Song 2:3-5 
JUDAS TREE - REDBUD, "Cercis,Siliquastrum", Matthew 27:5 
CATTAIL REED, "Typa Latifolia', II Kings 18:21 
RHODENDRON, "Rosa Phoenicia Boiss", Wisdom of Solomon 2:8 
ROSE, "Damascena", Isaiah 35:1 
PHOENICIAN ROSE, "Rosa Phoenicia I,", Eccesiasticus 24:14 
ROSEMARY 
ROSE OF SHARON, "Tulipa Sharonensis", Song 
RUE, "Ruta Graveolens", Luke 11:42 
SALVIA -- SAGE, "Salvia Officinalis", Exodus 25:31-33 
SYRIAN SCABIOSA, "Scabiosa Prolifera", Hosea 10:4 
SILENE, "Aegyptiaca", Hosea 10:4 
SNAPDRAGON, "Anterrbunum Majors L", Song 
STERNBERGIA, "Sternbergia Lutea", Song 
SWEET STYRAX, "Styrax Officinalis, Exodus 30:23 
TAMARISK, "Tamarix Pentandra", Exodus 16:31 
GLOBE THISTLE, "Echinops Viscosus D.C.", Judges 8:16 
DESERT THORN, "Lycium Europoeum", Judges 9:14 
TULIP, "Tulipa Montana, Tulipa Sharonensis", Song of Solomon 2:2 
VIOLET, "Viola Odorata", Song of Songs 
WILLOW, "Salix Alba", Leviticus 23:40 
WORMWOOD - HEMLOCK, "Artemisia Judaica", Jeremiah 23:15 
YITAN 
ZEBRA RUSH, "Scirpus T. Zebrinus"